Capital humain et sécurité alimentaire des ménages au Togo

Auteurs

Mots-clés :

capital humain, ménages, modèle logit multinomial, sécurité alimentaire

Résumé

L'objectif : L'objectif de ce papier est d'analyser l'effet du capital humain sur la sécurité alimentaire des ménages au Togo. Conception/méthodologie/approche : Le modèle logit multinomial a été utilisé en se basant sur les données de l'enquête QUIBB 2015 réalisées auprès de deux mille quatre cents (2400) ménages au Togo. Résultats : Les résultats montrent que 8,17% des ménages au Togo sont en insécurité alimentaire totale. Par ailleurs, 4,74% et 35,09% d'entre eux sont respectivement considérés comme étant en insécurité alimentaire transitoire sur la base des scores de consommation alimentaire et des dépenses alimentaires. En outre, l'estimation du modèle logit multinomial révèle que lorsque le chef du ménage est éduqué ou que le ménage a une facilité d'accès à un centre de santé, cela réduit le risque d'insécurité alimentaire dans le ménage. Ainsi, toute politique visant un investissement en capital humain, tout en privilégiant les groupes vulnérables au Togo permettrait une amélioration de leur statut de sécurité alimentaire. Originalité/valeur : Cette recherche met en exergue la contribution du capital humain à la sécurité alimentaire en se basant sur l'indice composite pour capter la sécurité alimentaire des ménages au Togo.

Références

Acheampong, P. P., Obeng, E. A., Opoku, M., Brobbey, L., & Sakyiamah, B. (2021). Does food insecurity exist among farm households? Evidence from Ghana. Agriculture & Food Security, 11(1), 1–13.
View in Google Scholar

Agidew, A., & Singh, K. N. (2018). Determinants of food insecurity in the rural farm households in South Wollo Zone of Ethiopia: The case of the Teleyayen sub-watershed. Agricultural and Food Economics, 6, 10.
View in Google Scholar

Amali, I. O. (2012). Schooling and human capital development in agro-based rural economy in Southern Benue, Nigeria. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 2(10), 105–110.
View in Google Scholar

Babatunde, R. O., Omotesho, O. A., Olorunsanya, E. O., & Owotokoit, G. M. (2008). Determinants of vulnerability to food insecurity: A gender-based analysis of farming seholds in Nigeria. Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 63(1), 116–125.
View in Google Scholar

Banque Mondiale. (2020). Population urbaine – Sub-Saharan Africa. https://donnees.banquemondiale.org/indicateur/SP.URB.TOTL?locations=ZG
View in Google Scholar

Bashir, M. K., Schilizzi, S., & Pandit, R. (2012). The determinants of rural household food security in the Punjab, Pakistan: An econometric analysis. Working Papers, 122526. https://doi.org/10.22004/ag.econ.122526
View in Google Scholar

Bashir, M. K., Schilizzi, S., & Pandit, R. (2013). Regional sensitivity of rural household food security: The case of Punjab, Pakistan. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 23(4), 1200–1206.
View in Google Scholar

Becker, G. S. (1962). Investment in human capital: A theoretical analysis. Journal of Political Economy, 70(5), 9–49.
View in Google Scholar

Becker, G. S. (1964). Human capital theory. Columbia.
View in Google Scholar

Becker, G. S. (1993). Human capital: A theoretical and empirical analysis, with special reference to education. University of Chicago.
View in Google Scholar

Bogale, A., & Shimelis, A. (2009). Household level determinants of food insecurity in rural areas of Dire Dawa, Eastern Ethiopia. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 9(9), 1–13.
View in Google Scholar

Bourbonnais, R. (2015). Économétrie (9e ed.). Dunod.
View in Google Scholar

Broussard, N. H. (2019). What explains gender differences in food insecurity? Food Policy, 83, 180–194.
View in Google Scholar

Burchi, F. (2006). Identifying the role of education in socio-economic development. International Conference on Human and Economic Resources. Izmir.
View in Google Scholar

Canagarajah, S., & Thomas, S. (2001). Poverty in a wealthy economy: The case of Nigeria. Journal of African Economies, 10(2), 143–173.
View in Google Scholar

Carmichael, S. L., Yang, W., Herring, A., Abrams, B., & Shaw, G. M. (2007). Maternal food insecurity is associated with increased risk of certain birth defects. The Journal of Nutrition, 137(9), 2087–2092.
View in Google Scholar

Conceiçao, P., Fuentes-Nieva, R., Horn-Phathanotha, L., & Ngororano, A. (2011). Food security and human development in Africa: Strategic considerations and directions for further research. African Development Review, 23(2), 237–246.
View in Google Scholar

Cordero-Ahiman, O. V., Vanegas, J. L., Beltrán-Romero, P., & Quinde-Lituma, M. E. (2020). Determinants of food insecurity in rural households: The case of the Paute River Basin of Azuay Province, Ecuador. Sustainability, 12(3), 946.
View in Google Scholar

Dandonougbo, Y., Tossou, Y., Atake, E. H., & Ekouevi, D. K. (2021). Effets de la COVID-19 sur la variation du revenu et la sécurité alimentaire des ménages au Togo. African Development Review, 33(S1), S194-S206.
View in Google Scholar

Dassou, S. S., Kouton-Bognon, B. Y. F., & Adegbola, P. Y. (2019). Analyse par l’approche des Scores de Consommation Alimentaire des déterminants de l’insécurité alimentaire des ménages agricoles au Bénin. African Conference of Agricultural Economists.
View in Google Scholar

De Muro, P., & Burchi, F. (2007). Education for rural people and food security. A cross country analysis. FAO.
View in Google Scholar

Ebadi-Vanestanagh, M., Molani-Gol, R., & Alizadeh, M. (2023). Effects of the nutrition education intervention on food security, anthropometry, and body composition in women: A randomized controlled trial. Nutrition and Health. https://doi.org/10.1177/02601060231155538
View in Google Scholar

Fafchamps, M., & Quisumbing, A. R. (1999). Human capital, productivity, and labor allocation in rural Pakistan. Journal of Human Resources, 34(2), 369–406.
View in Google Scholar

FAO. (1996). Report of the world food summit. https://www.fao.org/3/w3548e/w3548e00.htm
View in Google Scholar

FAO, FIDA, OMS, & PAM. (2023). Résumé de L’État de la sécurité alimentaire et de la nutrition dans le monde: Urbanisation, transformation des systèmes agroalimentaires et accès à une alimentation saine le long du continuum rural-urbain. ONU.
View in Google Scholar

Faridi, R., & Wadood, S. N. (2010). An econometric assessment of household food security in Bangladesh. The Bangladesh Development Studies, 33(3), 97–111.
View in Google Scholar

Faye, O., Baschieri, A., Falkingham, J., & Muindi, K. (2011). Hunger and food insecurity in Nairobi’s slums: An assessment using IRT models. Journal of Urban Health, 88, 235–255.
View in Google Scholar

Feleke, S., Kilmer, R. L., & Gladwin, C. (2003, January). Determinants of food security in Southern Ethiopia. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, 1–30.
View in Google Scholar

Fotso, J. (2007). Urban– rural differentials in child malnutrition: Trends and socioeconomic correlates in sub-Saharan Africa. Health & Place, 13, 205–223.
View in Google Scholar

Garrett, J. L., & Ruel, M. T. (1999). Are determinants of rural and urban food security and nutritional status different? Some insights from Mozambique. World Development, 27(11), 1955–1975.
View in Google Scholar

Greene, W. H. (2012). Econometric analysis (7th ed.). Pearson.
View in Google Scholar

Halam, K., Dywili, M., & Nwokolo, E. E. (2017). The role of education, income in determining standard of living and food security amongst the residents of Mhlontlo Local Municipality Eastern Cape, South Africa. Journal of Human Ecology, 60(1),18–28.
View in Google Scholar

Hausman, J., & McFadden, D. (1984). Specification tests for the multinomial logit model. Econometrica, 5, 1219-1240.
View in Google Scholar

Headey, D. (2011). Rethinking the global food crisis: The role of trade shocks. Food Policy, 36(2), 136–146.
View in Google Scholar

Hoddinott, J., Maluccio, J. A., Behrman, J. R., Flores, R., & Martorell, R. (2008). Effect of a nutrition intervention during early childhood on economic productivity in Guatemalan adults. The Lancet, 371(9610), 411–416.
View in Google Scholar

Hosmer, D. W. J., Lemeshow, S., & Sturdivant, R. X. (2013). Applied logistic regression (3rd ed.). John Wiley & Sons.
View in Google Scholar

Iftikhar, S., Amir, H., Khadim, Z., & Bilal, K. (2015). Farmer’s literacy rate as key driver in food production and food security: An empirical appraisal from Punjab, Pakistan. European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences, 4(4), 683–690.
View in Google Scholar

INSEED. (2020). Indicateurs socio-démographiques. https://inseed.tg
View in Google Scholar

Islam, S. (2020). Do education and health influence economic growth and food security? Evidence from Bangladesh. International Journal of Happiness and Development, 6(1), 59–75.
View in Google Scholar

Kara, A. M., & Kithu, L. M. (2020). Education attainment of head of household and household food security: A case for Yatta sub-county, Kenya. American Journal of Educational Research, 8(8), 558–566.
View in Google Scholar

Kennedy, G., Berardo, A., Papavero, C., Horjus, P., Ballard, T., Dop, M., Delbaere, J., & Brouwer, I. D. (2010). Proxy measures of household food consumption for food security assessment and surveillance: Comparison of the household dietary diversity and food consumption scores. Public Health Nutrition, 13(12).
View in Google Scholar

Kolog, J. D., Asem, F., & Mensah-Bonsu, A. (2023). The state of food security and its determinants in Ghana: An ordered probit analysis of the household hunger scale and household food insecurity access scale. Scientific African, 19(3), e01579.
View in Google Scholar

Leroy, J. L., Ruel, M., Frongillo, E. A., Harris, J., & Ballard, T. J. (2015). Measuring the food access dimension of food security: A critical review and mapping of indicators. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 36(2), 167–195.
View in Google Scholar

Lokosang, L. B., Ramroop, S., & Hendriks, S. (2011). Establishing a robust technique for monitoring and early warning of food insecurity in post-conflict South Sudan using ordinal logistic regression. Agrekon: Agricultural Economics Research, Policy and Practice in Southern Africa, 50(4), 101–130.
View in Google Scholar

Morrissey, O., Willem te Velde, D., Gillson, I., & Wiggins, S. (2005, September). Sustainability impact assessment of proposed WTO negotiations. University of Manchester.
View in Google Scholar

Mukaila, R., Falola, A., & Omotesho, O. A. (2020). Food security status: Its drivers and coping strategies among vegetable farming households. Cercetări Agronomice în Moldova, 53(4), 414–425.
View in Google Scholar

Mukudi, E. (2003). Nutrition status, education participation, and school achievement among Kenyan middle-school children. Nutrition, 19(7–8), 612–616.
View in Google Scholar

Mulusew, A., & Mingyong, H. (2023). An empirical investigation of the dynamic linkages of land access and food security: Evidence from Ethiopia using system GMM approach. Journal of Agriculture and Food Research, 11, 100494.
View in Google Scholar

Mutisya, M., Ngware, M. W., Kabiru, C. W., & Kandala, N. (2016). The effect of education on household food security in two informal urban settlements in Kenya: A longitudinal analysis. Food Security, 8(4), 743–756.
View in Google Scholar

Ndiaye, M. (2014). Indicateurs de la sécurité alimentaire. Atelier Régional de Formation.
View in Google Scholar

Ndobo, F., & Sekhampu, T. J. (2013). Determinants of vulnerability to food insecurity in a South African township: A gender analysis. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 4(14), 311–317.
View in Google Scholar

Njura, H. J., Kubai, K. I., Taaliu, S. T., & Khakame, K. S. (2020). The relationship between agricultural teaching approaches and food security in Kenya. Education Research In- ternational, 18.
View in Google Scholar

Obayelu, A. E. (2012). Households’ food security status and its determinants in the North-Central Nigeria. Food Economics, 9(4), 241–256.
View in Google Scholar

Obayelu, O., Adepoju, A., & Omirin, O. (2019). Does human capital explain food insecurity status of rural households or vice-versa? Review of Agricultural and Applied Economics, 22(1), 91–97.
View in Google Scholar

Oguh, J. (2020). Managing education for food and health security: The experience of Ehime Mbano and Isiala Mbano local government areas of Imo State Nigeria. Current Developments in Nutrition, 4(2).
View in Google Scholar

Ogundari, K. (2017). Categorizing households into different food security states in Nigeria: the socio-economic and demographic determinants. Agricultural and Food Economics, 5(1), 1–20.
View in Google Scholar

Olayemi, A. O. (2012). Effects of family size on household food security in Osun State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development, 2(2), 136–141.
View in Google Scholar

Paddy, F. (2003). Gender differentials in land ownership and their impact on household food security: A case study of Masaka district. [Master’s thesis]. Uganda Press.
View in Google Scholar

PNUD. (2003). Rapport mondial sur le développement humain. Economica. Psacharopulos, G. (1981). Returns to education: An updated international comparison. Comparative Education, 17(3), 321–341.
View in Google Scholar

QUIBB. (2015). Database.
View in Google Scholar

Robeyns, I. (2006). The capability approach in practice. The Journal of Political Philosophy, 14(3), 351–376.
View in Google Scholar

Rose, D., & Charlton, K. E. (2002). Quantitative indicators from a food expenditure survey can be used to target the food insecure in South Africa. The Journal of Nutrition, 132, 3235–3242.
View in Google Scholar

Schultz, T. W. (1961). American Economic Association investment in human capital. The American Economic Review, 51(1), 1–17.
View in Google Scholar

Schultz, T. W. (1971). Education and productivity. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED071152
View in Google Scholar

Sen, A. (1982). Poverty and famines: An essay on entitlement and deprivation. Oxford University Press.
View in Google Scholar

Sen, A. K. (1997). From income inequality to economic inequality. Southern Economic Journal, 64(2), 384–401.
View in Google Scholar

Sen, A., & Sengupta, S. (1983). Malnutrition of rural children and the sex bias. Economic and Political Weekly, 18(19–21), 855-864.
View in Google Scholar

Smith, L. C., & Subandoro, A. (2007). Measuring food security using household expenditure surveys (vol. 3). International Food Policy Research Institute.
View in Google Scholar

Singh, I., Squire, L., & Strauss, J. (1986). A survey of agricultural household models: Recent findings and policy implications. The World Bank Economic Review, 1(1), 149–179.
View in Google Scholar

United Nations. (2018). The World’s Cities in 2018—Data Booklet. United Nations Digital Library.
View in Google Scholar

Vidya, S., Acharya, S. S., & Singh, S. (2002). Sustainable agriculture, poverty and food security. Asian Society of Agricultural Economists, 1.
View in Google Scholar

Woodhall, M. (1987). Human capital concepts. Economics of Education, 4, 21–24.
View in Google Scholar

Yovo, K., & Gnedeka, K. T. (2023). Assess the level and the determinants of household food security in Togo: The food expenditures approach. Scientific African, 20(3), e01685.
View in Google Scholar

Zani, M., Saediman, H., Abdullah, S., Daud, L., & Yunus, L. (2019). Determinants of household food expenditure in a Cassava growing village in southeast Sulawesi. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 8(3), 302–310.
View in Google Scholar

Zhou, Z. Y. (2017). Achieving food security in China: The challenges ahead. Taylor & Francis. Zoyem, J. P., Diang’a, E., & Wodon, Q. (2008). Mesures et déterminants de l’insécurité aire au Burundi selon l’approche de l’apport calorifique. The African Statistical Journal, 6, 38–45.
View in Google Scholar

Téléchargements

Publiée

2023-12-30

Numéro

Rubrique

Article scientifique